*WNG hammers are available* Please call 916-719-4323

Hammer Types

There are two basic types of hammers in the market today.

Lacquer Up

Some companies, most notably New York Steinway, use very soft felt in their hammers. When voiced, these hammers are too soft until a hardener, typically lacquer, is applied to achieve tone. This is referred as a "lacquer up" hammer.

Needle Down

Most European companies use a dense felt to make the hammer. When voiced these hammers are hard, and must be needled to soften the hammer to achieve tone. Hammers of this type are referred to as "needle down" hammers.

Wessell, Nickel & Gross hammers are "needle down" hammers.


Hammers need to be drilled. Wessell, Nickel & Gross can accommodate any diameter, bore length and angle required.

hammer drilling

- Appropriate for composite shanks
- Any other size you might require

Bore Length:
- Standard distance from samples for bass and treble
- Factory specs (if available)
- Custom bore to take into account changing string heights

- From samples (angles are inferred)
- From technician supplied angle specifications
- To factory specs (if available)

Length & Cove

After drilling, hammers need to be cut to length so they interface with backchecks properly. Wessell, Nickel & Gross can cut to length in the following ways:

hammer length and cove

- From samples
- To 1" or 25.4mm as required by WNG Back Check System
- To technician supplied spec

After the hammers are cut to length, typically they are also coved so as to reduce mass. WNG can cove in the following ways:

- Standard Cove
- Maximum for weight

Machine Backcheck Seat

hammer seat

Many rebuilders machine a squaring arc on the back of the hammer to create a seat for checking. The Wessell, Nickel & Gross backcheck system provides high-quality tools for this job. WNG can also machine the checking seat on the hammer tail as part of the tail prep, if you prefer.

hammer taper


Hammers need to be tapered both for clearance and mass. A full top-to-bottom taper is an industry best practice. WNG offers a full top-to-bottom taper as a hammer machining option.

Labor, Complete Hammer
Complete hammer labor. Includes boring, squaring, tailing, tapering, and hanging.

Part Number: 07-1002

Labor, Hammer boring
Hammer boring

Part Number: 07-1000

Labor, Hammer Boring, Squaring, Tailing, and Tapering
Hammer labor. Includes boring, squaring, tailing, and tapering.

Part Number: 07-1001

WNG Lite Hammers, Gross 5

Special close-out price

Part Number: 06-5460

WNG Natural Hammers, Gross 4

Part Number: 06-5454

WNG Natural Hammers, Gross 5

Part Number: 06-5455

WNG Natural Hammers, Gross 6

Part Number: 06-5449

WNG Natural Vertical Hammers, Gross 4

Part Number: 06-5446

WNG Select Hammers, Gross 4

Part Number: 06-5461

WNG Select Hammers, Gross 5

Part Number: 06-5462

WNG Select Hammers, Gross 6

Part Number: 06-5463

WNG Select Vertical Hammers, Gross 4

Part Number: 06-5445